Jacob Penglase (Boston College)
Brown Bag Seminars
Mar 7 2018
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Consumption Inequality Among Children: Evidence from Child Fostering in Malawi
Abstract: The share of household resources devoted to different children may depend on each child's gender, birth order, or relationship to their caretaker. However, it is challenging to determine whether parents favor certain types of children as consumption data is collected at the household level. I develop a new methodology using the collective household framework to identify consumption inequality between different types of children. I apply this method to child fostering in Malawi. I find little evidence of inequality between foster and non-foster children, with the exception of orphaned foster children whose consumption is 23 percent less than non-orphaned foster children.
Keywords: Child Fostering, Intrahousehold Resource Allocation, Cost of Children, Collective Model, Poverty, Orphans
JEL Codes: D1, I32, J12, J13